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MEL LAB

Voluntary motor commands are preferentially released during restricted sensorimotor beta rhythm phases

Hussain Sara J., Vollmer Mary K., Iturrate Iñaki, Quentin Romain

Abstract

{\textless}h3{\textgreater}abstract{\textless}/h3{\textgreater} {\textless}p{\textgreater}voluntary movement requires motor commands to be released from motor cortex (m1) and transmitted to spinal motoneurons and effector muscles. m1 activity oscillates between brief excitatory and inhibitory states that correlate with single neuron spiking rates. here, we asked if the motor commands needed to produce voluntary, self-paced finger movements are preferentially released from m1 during restricted phases of this ongoing sensorimotor oscillatory activity. 21 healthy adults performed a self-paced finger movement task while eeg and emg signals were recorded. for each finger movement, we identified the individual sensorimotor mu (8-12 hz) and beta (13-35 hz) oscillatory phase at the estimated time of motor command release from m1 by subtracting individually-defined mep latencies from emg-determined movement onset times. we report that motor commands were preferentially released at {\textasciitilde}120° along the beta cycle but were released uniformly across the mu cycle. these results suggest that motor commands are preferentially released from m1 near optimal peak phases of endogenous beta rhythms.{\textless}/p{\textgreater}


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