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MEL LAB

The longer the better? general skill but not probabilistic learning improves with the duration of short rest periods

Fanuel Lison, Plèche Claire, Vékony Teodóra, Quentin Romain, Janacsek Karolina, Nemeth Dezso

Abstract

{\textless}h3{\textgreater}abstract{\textless}/h3{\textgreater} {\textless}p{\textgreater}memory consolidation has mainly been investigated for extended periods, from hours to days. recent studies suggest that memory consolidation can also occur within shorter periods, from minutes to seconds. our study aimed at determining (1) whether short rest periods lead to improvements in implicit probabilistic sequence learning and (2) whether length of rest duration influences such offline improvements. participants performed an implicit probabilistic sequence learning task throughout 45 blocks. between blocks, participants were allowed to rest and then to continue the task in their pace. the overall reaction times (general skill learning) shortened from pre- to post-rest periods, and this improvement was increased for longer rest durations. however, probabilistic sequences knowledge decreased in these periods, and this decrement was not related to the length of rest duration. these results suggest that (1) general skill learning but not probabilistic sequence knowledge benefits from short rest periods and, possibly, from memory consolidation, (2) ultra-fast offline improvements in general skills, but not forgetting in probabilistic sequence knowledge, are time-dependent. overall, our findings highlight that ultra-fast consolidation differently affects distinct cognitive processes.{\textless}/p{\textgreater}


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